Palatal nasal

From Academic Kids

Template:Infobox IPA The palatal nasal is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is , and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is J. The IPA symbol is a lowercase letter n with a leftward-pointing tail protruding from the bottom of the left stem of the letter. Compare n and . The symbol should not be confused with , the symbol for the retroflex nasal, which has a rightward-pointing hook extending from the bottom of the right stem or with , the symbol for the velar nasal, which has a leftward-pointing hook extending from the bottom of the right stem.

Contents

Features

Features of the palatal nasal:

In English

In some dialects of English, the sequence /nj/ is sometimes realized as the palatal nasal, via coalescence, a type of assimilation. For example, onion () might be realized as or canyon () might be realized as . However, there are no minimal pairs for /nj/ and /ɲ/, so the palatal nasal is not a separate phoneme in English.

In other languages

The palatal nasal is fairly common in Romance languages:

Catalan

Catalan has the palatal nasal as a phoneme, and it is denoted by "ny".

French

French has the palatal nasal as a phoneme, and it is denoted by "gn".

Italian

Italian has the palatal nasal as a phoneme, and it is denoted by "gn", as in gnocchi (a type of pasta).

Portuguese

Portuguese has the palatal nasal as a phoneme, and it is denoted by "nh", as in manh (morning).

Spanish

Spanish has the palatal nasal as a phoneme, and it is denoted by "", as in maana (morning).

Finnish

The Eastern dialects of Finnish, but not the standard language, retain the feature of palatalization, and the palatal nasal the palatalized version of "n". When the palatal nasal is in the position where standard Finnish would use "ni", it is commonly written "nj", e.g. mnj [mæɲ], cf. standard language meni [meni].

Slavic languages

The sound also occurs in Slavic languages, for example in Belarusian (нь, ń) and Polish (ń).

See also


Sounds of the world's languages
International Phonetic Alphabet
Consonants | Vowels
Places of articulation Manners of articulation

Bilabial | Labiodental | Labial-velar | Dental | Alveolar | Postalveolar | Alveolo-palatal | Retroflex | Palatal | Velar | Uvular | Pharyngeal | Epiglottal | Glottal

Nasals | Plosives | Fricatives | Affricates | Laterals | Approximants | Flaps/Taps | Trills | Ejectives | Implosives | Clicks

de:Stimmhafter palataler Nasal

pt:Nasal palatal

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